.Nepal is a small landlocked country with a diversity of natural and cultural wealth you will find in few places on earth. The land rises abruptly from the sweltering from Terai plains in the south at 60 meters above sea level to the freezing heights of the Himalayan in the north well above 8000 meters culminating in the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 29002 ft. with lush sub-tropical forests, green hills and valleys in between a distance of a mere 200 km. The tale of the country dates back to the time when the Gods and Goddesses communed with the mortals. Religion and festivals are an integral part of everyday life here. People still respect centuries old culture and tradition and history still lives on here among the numerous beautiful temples, monuments and palaces of exquisite art and architecture. This varied landscape offers a fascinating array of cultural experience, sightseeing and adventure opportunities. Unfortunately, 25th April 2015 earthquake definitely shake this heritage kingdom.
The Royal Nepal Airlines (RNA) of Nepal with flight connections to: Delhi, Mumbai in India; Bangkok in Thailand; Osaka in Japan; Hong Kong, Shanghai in China, Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia; Dubai in United Arab Emirates and Singapore. Other international airlines connecting Kathmandu to other parts of the world are in Dacca in Bangladesh, China Airlines to Lhasa in Tibetan Autonomous Region of China[ATR], Druk Air to Paro in Bhutan and New Delhi in India, Gulf Air to Abu Dhabi in UAE, Indian Airlines to Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi in India, Qatar Airways to Doha in Qatar, Thai International to Bangkok in Thailand. Since Nepal has India in three sides and China in the north, coming to Nepal by land requires one to pass through India or China. The entry points to Nepal from India are Kakarbhitta with West Bengal, Birgunj, Belhiya with Bihar, Bhairawa, Nepalgunj with UP , Dhangadi and Mahendra Nagar. The Kodari Pass in Nepal-China border is the entry point to Nepal from China. Tourists entering the kingdom by land must possess an international carnet.
At present Nepal today has altogether 214 big and small hotels which are registered with the Department of Tourism, ranging from 5 star deluxe category to the small one star and tourist standard hotels. A general outline of facilities available in five, four and three star hotels are given below:
Five Star Hotels:
A five star hotel has all it's rooms air-conditioned, well furnished and with attached bath. More than two restaurants and bars serving a variety of cuisine and drinks, swimming pool, tennis court, beauty parlour, sauna, health club. Banquet and conference facilities and a variety of other modern luxurious facilities are also available.
Four Star Hotels:
The four star hotels in Kathmandu constitute of air-conditioned, well furnished room with attached bath, ore than one restaurant, garden, banquet and conference facilities - though in a slightly smaller scale.
Three Star Hotels:
The three star hotels have air-conditioned rooms with attached bath and standard furnishings. A minimum of one restaurant and bar are available with standard luxury.
Customs: All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the entry. Personal effects are permitted free entry.Passengers arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.
Nationals of SAARC countries and China do not need visa when visiting Nepal. As per this rule, Indian nationals do not require visa. However, effective from October 2000, Indians traveling to Nepal by air have to show upon arrival at entry point a valid photo identity like a passport, voter's identity or an identity card issued by the Indian government. Temporary identity card with photographs issued by Nepal-based Indian diplomatic missions is considered in case of exception. Children under 10 years need not show any identification.
Other non-Nepali visitors do not need visa to be in Nepal for three days. Visa must be obtained for staying over the initial period of three days. Free visa is to be given to tourists for re-entry to Nepal provided they stay at least for 15 days in the country in that visa year.
First single entry to Nepal for 60 days from the date of entry is US $ 30 or equivalent convertible foreign or Nepali currency. The second entry in the same visa year for 30 days from the date of entry is US $ 30.
Multiple entry for one visa year is US $ 50 plus US $ 30 for single entry or equivalent convertible foreign or Nepali currency.
The visitors who wish to stay for more than 60 days in Nepal can extend their tourist visa by paying US $ 30 or equivalent convertible foreign or Nepali currency for 30 days from Nepal Government.
Visitors can go to different parts of Nepal either by road or by air. Among domestic airlines of Nepal the Royal Nepal Airlines (RA) provides extensive network. Other domestic airlines more than 18 in operation provide regular and charter services to popular domestic destinations. Excepting weather conditions Nepal's domestic air service is known to be punctual and reliable. Buses are available to different parts of the capital and the kingdom from the new bus park in Gongabu and the old bus park in Sundhara. Regular bus services operate within the three cities in Kathmandu Valley. Scheduled bus services for outside the Valley operate from the Gongabu Bus Terminal. There are tourist bus services to selected places offered by a few travel agencies. In addition, one can also hire private vehicles at nominal rates.
Airport bus carries passengers from the airport into the city. Getting around Kathmandu Valley is made easier by metered taxis that can be hailed off the streets and are easily recognizable by the taxi sign and their black number plates. No tip is expected. Night taxis are available for higher prices. Three wheeler scooters that are cheaper than taxis are also available. For cheaper rides buses and teeny vans called micro buses are available to different parts of the Valley. Battery run scooters also serve the same purpose.
Nepal has a typical monsoonal two-season year. There's the dry season from October to May while wet season of the monsoon last from June to September. The start of dry season September and November is the best time of the year in Nepal. With the end of monsoon and onset of fall the countryside is green and lush. Nepaleses celebrate their two popular festivals, Dashain and Tihar during this time. Summer months in Nepal are from April to September while winter months are from November to March. In the North summer are mild and winter harsh while in South summers are extreme and winters mild.
The most preferred time for traveling in Nepal is from mid-September – May last.